During the Grand Slams, millions of fans are again drawn to the TVs. But even small tours always attract a lot of spectators. BILD explains the most important terms and rules.
The goal of tennis is to hit the ball (6.35 to 6.67 cm in size and 56.7 to 58.5 g in weight) on the opponent’s court. If the ball falls directly out of bounds, the opponent gets one point.
A so-called tennis match passes in at least two sets. If a player has won six matches and at the same time two matches more than the opponent, the set is considered won. But: If the score is 6: 5, the game continues until the main player is two sets ahead.
Direct point with a service that can not be touched by the opponent. If the opponent touches the ball without returning it, this point gain is called a “service winner”.
Us ︎ Aus (English: Outside)
The ball has hit the ground on the playing field or in a permanent structure off the field of play without jumping first. The referee extends the arm at shoulder height to the side in the direction in which the ball came out. The palm is in front of the judge, the fingers are extended and closed. If the line leader is sitting on the same side as the referee, the arm runs forward.
︎ ︎ The advantage
English term for advantage. Advantage refers to the advantage in a game after a previous draw (40:40). The advantageous service is always executed from the left. Therefore, the left part of the game is also called the advantage side. Then again either “debut” or “game”.
︎ ︎ mesh roller
The ball that touches the edge of the net and jumps on the opponent’s field with a deviating trajectory.
︎ ︎ Tennis Professionals Association (ATP)
The Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) is the association of professional male tennis players, is the counterpart of the Women Tennis Association (WTA).
︎ ︎ Top five
English term for a match with three winning sets. If both players have already won two sets, the decision to win the match falls on the fifth and final set. Over five winning sets are played in the Davis Cup for men, Grand Slam tournaments and the ten finals of the Masters Series.
︎ ︎ break
When a player can win the service game of an opponent whose service is broken, this is called a ‘break’. The break has a certain preset meaning, as usually a server can win its game.
︎ ︎ center court
The main court of a tennis facility. Usually the place where the final takes place or where more spectators can sit.
︎ i Code of Conduct
A comprehensive catalog of etiquette created by the International Tennis Federation, ATP Tour and WTA Tour for on-field and off-field behavior.
︎ ︎ Golden Slams
Wins four Grand Slam tournaments in Melbourne, Paris, Wimbledon, New York and the Olympic Games within a calendar year. So far, only German tennis legend Steffi Graf has managed to do so in 1988.
Grand Grand Grand Slam Tour
Four most important tournaments in the world: Australian Open in Melbourne, French Open in Paris, Wimbledon in London, US Open in Flushing Meadows / New York.
▶ tar Line judge
Liners are used in larger tournaments to assist the chair judge (on the sideline, centerline, baseline, and service line). They need to know with lightning speed whether a ball is on the field or out of bounds.
︎ ︎ match points
The point for victory. Therefore, the match point is commonly referred to internationally as the “match point”. “Ball placed” indicates the point before you win a set, which does not mean overall victory.
. ︎ Mixed
Mixed pairs with a woman and a man per team. It is played according to the rules of the double game.
Why are 15, 30, 40 counted?
A player’s first win counts as 15, the second as 30 and the third as 40. However, it is not yet clear where the count came from. There are two theories about this.
Option 1: Counting goes back to cash stakes and gambling bets in 14th century France. Therefore, a gross denier was used at that time (value: 15 denier). In a set, which at that time often consisted of four matches, 15 “negative” bets were placed 4 times: 15, 30, 45 and 60.
Option 2: whenever a player made a point in jeu de paume, he moved a strip further until he was in the middle of the field. Play started at the 0 inch line. At that time, if a player won a point, he would advance to the 15 “line, then to the 30” line and then to the 45 “line. Only then did he win the game. Since this line was found to be very close to the net, the last indicator turned into a 40 inch line.
Why the referee says “Love” for zero. Again, there are two theories.
Option 1: Love
It is said that the expression comes from the expression “to do something for love”. So you’ve done all the rallying work for nothing, you’re still at the zero point.
Variant 2: Veza!
It is believed that the term “Love” is used because it sounds similar to the French word “L’œuf”, which translates to “egg”, which in turn is very close in shape to the number “0”.
On the other hand, one thing is clear: Wimbledon, the so-called “Lawn Tennis Championship”, is the oldest tournament in the world and was first held in 1877. In 1894 women were also allowed to start. Since 1922 there is a royal lodge.
To date, the dress code is extremely strict. 90 percent of players’s clothing must be white. The leaves of the grass should not be longer than eight millimeters. Not to be forgotten: the legendary strawberries, which have been sold since 1893. Wimbledon red fruit is still standardized today and should weigh between twelve and 13 grams.