Federal, state and local governments
Summit of Ukrainian refugees at the chancellery
It is mainly women, children and the elderly who have fled Ukraine. To make their arrival in Germany easier, personalized offers are needed.
Berlin. In addition to accommodating and caring for refugees from Ukraine, about two months after the start of the war, their integration is now becoming a bigger focus.
At a refugee summit at the Chancellery, federal, state and local governments agreed that, above all, childcare and education need to be improved. Because a large proportion of refugees are women with children. Many Ukrainian refugee women have an education, but very few speak German.
“Cities, together with the federal states, have begun to organize childcare and lessons for Ukrainian children – we need more capacity here,” said Markus Lewe, president of the German Association of Cities (CDU), on Monday. At the beginning of the conversation were Chancellor Olaf Scholz (SPD) and other cabinet members. The federal government should contribute to the costs, the city council demanded. Rapid recognition procedures are also needed for teachers and educators from Ukraine.
Many want to return soon
However, the authorities, as well as aid organizations and volunteers who have cared for the newcomers since the beginning of the Russian invasion of Ukraine, report the difficulty of preparing for a situation that depends on the course of the war and is therefore difficult to plan. “Many want to return as soon as possible. Some already are. But if we look at Mariupol or Donbas, a quick return is not possible for everyone,” said federal government integration commissioner Reem Alabali-Radovan. SPD). Look at the great destruction in these areas. This is why they now need prospects and opportunities to participate in Germany.
As of Monday, federal police had determined that 379,123 war refugees from Ukraine had entered the country. Since Ukrainians can enter the country for 90 days without a visa and there are usually no fixed controls at the EU’s internal borders, the exact number of war refugees is likely to be significantly higher. Ukrainians must register only after 180 days or if they apply for state benefits in advance. By the end of last week, the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (BAMF) had registered about 180,000 people seeking protection from Ukraine and processed them for identification purposes. According to the Federal Ministry of Interior, among them are about 7500 people with non-Ukrainian citizenship.
69 percent are female
According to information, about 69 percent of registered Ukrainian citizens are women. About 39 percent of Ukrainians seeking protection from Bamf are children. “There should be a central registration of unaccompanied minor refugees from Ukraine as soon as possible,” Save the Children managing director Florian Westphal said after the meeting with the German Press Agency. A number of minors accompanied by “distant acquaintances” had also entered the country. It is important that local youth welfare offices are also informed about this group – even where these children and young people are privately housed. According to him, it would be desirable to create safe places where children could play and care wherever new refugees come. There is also an opportunity to identify potential problems and the need for care.
According to the participants, the chairman of the Conference of Prime Ministers, the Prime Minister of North Rhine-Westphalia, Hendrik Wüst (CDU), said that it was important to promote Ukrainian culture in Germany. Russian President Vladimir Putin wants to “wipe out the Ukrainian people and their identity,” which must be opposed.
Alabali-Radovan thanked the countries for housing so many people in such a short time. She said the federal government will provide financial support and that the cabinet will decide on an additional budget this Wednesday.
Non-public meeting afterwards
“From the moving meetings with the refugees, we can only guess what incredible suffering Russian troops are causing to the civilian population,” said Federal Interior Minister Nancy Faeser (SPD). According to the participants, there were also emotional moments at the non-public meeting in Kancela, to which representatives of several Ukrainian clubs were invited.
Unlike the refugee crisis of 2015, this time among the refugees there are also elderly people in need of care. About 60 people in Germany are caring for elderly Holocaust survivors who were brought to safety through an evacuation organized by the Conference of Jewish Claims.
© dpa-infocom, dpa: 220425-99-40479 / 3
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