Registration 2022: Who can be called soon
35 years ago, the protests against the census were huge. Only a few are upset this time. What you need to know about registration.
Berlin. 1987. Registration. An entire nation is rebelling against the “transparent citizen” in a “surveillance state”. Many people try it revolt. Protests and demonstrations shock the republic. It is still numbered.
According to EU guidelines, Germany should have counted its people again in 2021. Member states are now obliged to do so every ten years. But the pandemic prevented it. The so-called registration now starts with one year delays – on May 15. Today there is almost no protest.
“The census determines the exact population figures,” explains Stefan Dittrich, project manager at the Federal Bureau of Statistics. It will also be determined population structure as well as the living and employment status of residents in Germany. The results are relevant to federal, state, and local policy in many respects. They form the basis of planning, such as infrastructure – kindergartens, schools, roads. However, it will be some time before they know exactly how many people live in each community. “It is our stated goal to publish the results in November 2023,” says Dittrich.
Census 2022: About 30 million people will be surveyed
The study is divided into several blocks. Authorities evaluate their registered population data. These are, for example, those of the registry or tax offices, but also of supply and disposal companies. But this information alone is not enough for a realistic picture. Because some citizens may not be registered in their new place of residence. Therefore the data should sources of error to be cleaned.
For a reliable database about 30 million people will be surveyed by mid-May. 10.2 million households have been selected and written to. You need to provide information about your living conditions. Some of the people were also asked about education and employment. Also, 300 thousand residents of dormitories will receive a letter. Information should also be provided by residents of nursing homes or the elderly. However, home lines convey information here.
The largest group of respondents are about 23 million owners of apartments or houses. They have to provide information on about 19 million apartment buildings with 41 million apartments. Their names will be deleted after the survey is completed. A tRANSFER to third parties, such as the tax office, is prohibited by law. Read also:How many inhabitants does Germany actually have?
The expert expects only a few rejectors
About 100,000 volunteers take care of the interviews. They are always notified by mail, never by phone. Only U.S exception then they actually show up at the front door. They must then be identified by an official registration document, which is valid only together with an official photo ID.
You do not have to leave the registration interviewers in the apartment. Respondents can conduct the longest interview either at the door or online. You will receive personal internet access data for this. On the other hand, citizens are obliged to respond. Anyone who refuses should deal with one still unspecified good calculate. An amount of 200 or 300 euros is under discussion.
However, Michael Fürnrohr, project manager at the Bavarian State Statistics Office, accounts for only a small percentage. rejectors. At the last census in 2011, he was on the verge of alcohol, he says.
In 2011 there were surprises
Even at that time, the census showed a large deviation from the assumed number of inhabitants for some cities and communities. The situation in Berlin was particularly dramatic. The capital lost about 5.2 percent, or almost 180,000 inhabitants, followed directly by Hamburg with a Loss of 4.6 percent and thus about 83,000 inhabitants. In comparison, these losses were well above the national average, which resulted in a minus of 1.8 percent.
Even the number of people living in Germany was truly astonishing Stranger: Almost 15 percent, ie 1.1 million foreigners lived in the Federal Republic at that time than expected. Deviations were particularly significant in North Rhine-Westphalia, Baden-Württemberg and Bavaria. Equally surprising was the high percentage of people of German nationality who have a migration background, namely about nine million people, which corresponded to a proportion of 12.3 percent of all Germans.
Equally large surprises do not wait for the recorder this time, as the distance to the last recording is much shorter than last time. The last poll was 24 years ago.
Funds and salaries: Much depends on registration
There are good reasons why population statistics can cause long faces here and there. Because a lot of important things depend on numbers decision. For example, the financial reconciliation of federal states is based on the number of inhabitants. If a city suddenly has far fewer inhabitants than expected, there is less money out of the pot.
In the case of small municipalities, a deviation in the number of inhabitants is quickly felt in tax revenues. And mayors await the results with mixed feelings: their salary also depends on the number of residents.
This article first appeared on abendblatt.de.
Wednesday, 27.04.2022, time 10:26
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