Everything you need to know to create your own fragrant spice garden

Planting plants in May – this month makes it easy to grow different aromatic varieties that will add a fresh flavor to any dish. All the usual kitchen herbs can be easily grown in traditional herb or vegetable gardens, in raised beds, pots or in a mixed garden. These include popular annual plants (basil, coriander, and fennel), biennials (cumin, spedwell, and parsley) and perennials (borage, chickpeas, fennel, basil, mint, sage, tarragon, and thyme).

Planting Plants in May – What You Need to Know

Spicy plants grow best in full sun and in fertile soil with lots of organic matter, well drained, moisture-retaining and high light. If you can not plant them in a garden, many garden centers offer a variety of new plants. When they arrive they should be carefully removed from the packaging and planted in 9 cm pots. Place in a warm, well-lit place, such as B. in a window until the roots fill the pot well (but do not overfill).

Plant the herb in the garden in May – it is important to keep the compost moist and remove any clumps or large stones.

What not to put in the compost can be found here!

A Guide to Growing Solar Plants

Planting Plants in May - What You Need to Know

Below is a quick guide to growing and using some of the most common herbs. We strongly recommend that you plant cold-sensitive herbs only after the Ice Saints. These include lemon balm and basil.

Marjoram grows best in full sun

Marjoram (Origanum vulgare)

  • It grows best in full sun in well-drained soil in dry, neutral to alkaline soil.
  • The leaves are collected during the growing season; they are often used dried in Italian, Greek and Mexican cuisine.

Fennel leaves are cut in spring and summer


Fennel (Anethum graveolens)

  • Neutral soil to slightly acid well drained in full sun.
  • The leaves are cut in spring and summer to be used fresh or dried. All are used in cuisine, mainly in Scandinavia.

Planting plants in May - sage does not like wet conditions

Sage (Salvia officinalis)

  • Well drained to dry neutral to alkaline soils in full sun, sage does not like wet conditions.
  • Many varieties have excellent decorative values.
  • Prune tightly in early spring to stimulate shrub growth.
  • The leaves are used to enjoy many dishes, especially meat. Fresh or dried leaves are used for tea.

Grow French tarragon in full sun in May


French Tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus)

  • Well drained, neutral to slightly alkaline soil in full sun.
  • Collect the leaves before flowering.
  • Characteristic aromatic leaves used to enjoy poultry and egg dishes, salad dressings and sauces.

Fresh or dried thyme leaves are used to enjoy many dishes

Thyme (Thymus vulgaris)

  • Well-drained, even rocky, poor soils in full sun; most thyme species prefer neutral soils to alkaline ones.
  • Light pruning after flowering to maintain a habit of shrubs.
  • Fresh or dried leaves and flowers are used to enjoy many dishes, mainly in French cuisine.

More spice plants that love the sun

Basil grows in full sun in dry, well-drained soil

Basil (Ocimum basilicum)

  • It grows in rich, light, well-drained and dry soil in full sun.
  • Prune the tops to stimulate shrub growth and delay flowering, although regular planting is still necessary to watch during the summer.
  • The leaves are collected during the growing season and used fresh or dried.
  • Purple leafy varieties are ornamental.

Spicy plants that love the sun - rosemary

Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis)

  • Well-drained soil, ideally neutral to alkaline in full sun, with protection in cold regions as it rarely tolerates prolonged freezing.
  • Remove dead shoots and weak growth in spring, prune after flowering to promote shrub growth.
  • Use fresh or dried leaves for seasoning, mainly meat. Fresh streams can be soaked in vinegar or olive oil.

Cumin leaves and roots are used fresh as vegetables

Cumin (Carum carvi)

  • Well-drained soil, fertile in full sun, tolerates heavy soil.
  • The leaves and roots are used fresh as vegetables, the seeds, when ripe, are dried.

Chives tolerate wet and heavy soil

Qiqra (Allium schoenoprasum)

  • Rich soil, well drained in full sun, but also tolerates wet and heavy soil.
  • Cut back to the ground after flowering to keep the leaves fresh.

Useful information: Alkaline soils – Soil acidity / alkalinity is measured on a pH scale from 0 to 14. Neutral soils have a pH of 7. Alkaline soils have a pH above 7, and the higher the pH, the more alkaline is the earth. Limestone soils are alkaline. You can measure the pH of your soil with a simple test kit.

Planting plants in May – list of species that tolerate partial shade

Plant the herb in May - coriander can tolerate partial shade

Coriander (Coriandrum sativum)

  • Well-drained, fertile soil in full sun, although the foliage may be more productive in partial shade.
  • The leaves and roots are used fresh, mainly in Thai cuisine.
  • The seeds are dried in curry and used for pickling.

Planting plants in May - mint grows best in a container

Menta (Mentha spp.)

  • Rich and moist soil in full sun or in partial shade where it can become invasive, so it is best to grow in a container and divide regularly.
  • Very aromatic leaves used for flavoring and tea.

Parsley is a key ingredient in French, Italian and Middle Eastern cuisines

Parsley (Petroselinum crispum)

  • Rich, well-drained, neutral to alkaline soil in full sun or partial shade.
  • Collect the leaves just before flowering and use fresh; a key ingredient in French, Italian and Middle Eastern cuisine.

Harvest: Some herbs and salads, such as cilantro, wild arugula and watermelon, can be harvested in just a few days after planting, while others can take several weeks. Tips for the location and types of plants for creating an herb garden can be found here!

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