Cases of hepatitis in children: parents need to know this now – guide

Since mid-April, mysterious cases of hepatitis (inflammation of the liver) have been occurring in children all over the world. Cause: unknown.

So far 169 cases of acute hepatitis are known in 12 countries. This was announced by the World Health Organization (WHO) over the weekend. Seventeen children had to have liver transplants as a result of the disease and one child died from the infection.

It is not a common hepatitis disease

So far, two thirds of the cases have occurred in the UK. There are also cases in Spain, Israel, USA, Denmark, Ireland, Netherlands, Italy, Norway, France, Romania and Belgium. Patients are from one month to 16 years old.

According to the Robert Koch Institute (RKI), no apparent hepatitis infection has occurred in children in Germany. RKI advises parents to be vigilant.

The mysterious thing about it: In no case could the usual hepatitis viruses that damage the liver (A, B, C, D and E) be detected. However, it is known that other viruses can also cause hepatitis. What is hidden behind this is now being investigated.

Causes of Korona vaccination?

Doctors around the world are currently trying to reach the end of the cause. A quickly expressed assumption that coronary vaccination may be behind it has now been rejected because most of the affected children are not vaccinated.

One hypothesis is that a so-called “adenovirus” is behind it. In 74 cases it could be detected in children’s blood. Adenoviruses are pathogens that are responsible for various diseases such as respiratory diseases or gastrointestinal infections.

However, according to the WHO, these viruses usually do not have these fatal effects on the liver. One assumption is: Due to the low prevalence of adenoviruses during the coron pandemic and consequently the “untrained” immune system of some children, the infections can actually be particularly severe and also cause hepatitis. Or: There is a new type of adenovirus that is still unknown.

In 20 cases there was a co-infection of adenoviruses and SARS-CoV-2. Therefore, a possible cause may be a coronary infection, explains the WHO.

How to tell if your child has hepatitis C infection

pediatrician Dr. Jakob Maske: “As a rule, hepatitis in children is really very rare.” Therefore, the accumulation of cases is currently very unusual. The situation is difficult because there is no treatment. “Unfortunately, we do not know what is hidden behind it. “Here the doctor can only treat the symptoms, nothing more.”

You have to believe that in most children the body will fight the disease on its own. “There is still no case in Germany, so please do not be afraid if your child has stomach cramps. The probability of being something else behind it is much higher. “If your child really does not eat much for days and does not feel well, go to the doctor.”

Symptoms of affected children worldwide are: loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, yellowing of the skin and sclera (white part of the eye) and in very rare cases fever.

ABC of hepatitis

︎ ︎ Hepatitis A

Transmission: through drinking water and food contaminated with feces

Leads to: nausea, diarrhea, acute inflammation of the liver

Treatment: none, usually heals on its own

Vaccination: ka

︎ ︎ Hepatitis B

Transmission: sex, infected syringes or tattoo needles

Leads to: The first symptoms like cold, chronic inflammation of the liver.

Treatment: interferon (immune system stimulation) and lamivudine (antiviral agent)

Vaccination: ka

︎ ︎ Hepatitis C

Transmission: direct blood-to-blood contact

Leads to: jaundice, vomiting, chronic inflammation of the liver

Treatment: interferon and ribavirin (stops virus replication)

Vaccination: none has been developed yet

︎ ︎ Hepatitis D

Transmission: as with hepatitis B (occurs only with hepatitis B)

Leads to: chronic inflammation of the liver.

Treatment: as B

Hepatitis B vaccination also protects against hepatitis D.

︎ ︎ Hepatitis E

Transmission: through contaminated drinking water.

Leads to: acute hepatitis A-like inflammation of the liver

Treatment: none

Vaccination: developing

Leave a Comment